What buildings are considered dangerous and why?

On June 21, 2022, the order of the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation came into force, defining the criteria for potentially hazardous capital construction projects. This is reported by “Parliamentary newspaper”.

Order “On approval of the criteria for classifying unique capital construction facilities and capital construction facilities, where more than 5 thousand people can simultaneously stay, as potentially dangerous objects”; published on the official Internet portal of legal information on June 10, 2022. 

What is the essence of the order?

By this order, the Ministry of Construction determined that objects where more than five thousand people can be at the same time are equated to potentially dangerous. Accidents at them can lead to human casualties (over 500 people) and large material losses (up to 1.2 billion rubles), and this is a federal emergency.

The law refers to two types of facilities. The first one is registered as “unique capital construction projects”. In accordance with the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation — these are objects whose design documentation provides for at least one of the following characteristics:

  • height more than 100 meters, for wind power installations — more than 250 meters;
  • spans of more than 100 meters;
  • the presence of a cantilever of more than 20 meters;
  • deepening of the underground part (fully or partially) by more than 15 meters from the planning mark of the land.

The law also mentions capital construction objects, according to the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation — these are buildings, structures, structures and objects, the construction of which is not completed, but continues.

The ministry identified six categories of danger for the above objects and established qualitative and quantitative criteria for them, namely:

  • number of people who died and (or) received damage to health;
  • size damage to the environment and material losses of third parties caused outside the facility.

The approved criteria do not apply to multi-apartment residential buildings, the department clarified.

How exactly do the hazard categories of potentially hazardous objects look like?

The highest hazard category — this is the first. It includes objects, accidents at which can become a source of federal emergencies. The sixth category includes objects, accidents on which can become a source of local emergencies.

Hazard categories of a potentially dangerous object

Criteria for classifying unique capital construction objects and capital construction objects, where more than five thousand people can simultaneously stay, to potentially dangerous objects

Qualitative

Quantitative

1 category

Objects that could cause a federal emergency to crash.

The number of deaths and (or) damage to health — over 500 people

The amount of damage to the environment and material losses — over 1.2 billion rubles

category 2

Facilities where accidents can become a source of an inter-regional emergency

The number of dead and (or) injured — more than 50 people, but not more than 500 people

The amount of damage to the environment and material losses — over 12 million rubles, but not more than 1.2 billion rubles

category 3

Objects that could crash into a regional emergency

The number of people who died and (or) suffered damage to health — over 50 people, but not more than 500 human

Amount of damage to the environment and material losses — over 12 million rubles, but not more than 1.2 billion rubles

4 category

Facilities that could cause an inter-municipal emergency

The number of people who died and (or) received damage to health — no more than 50 people

The amount of damage to the environment and material losses — no more than 12 million rubles

category 5

Objects that could cause a municipal emergency

The number of people who died and (or) received damage to health — no more than 50 people

Damage to the environment and material losses — no more than 12 million rubles

Category 6

Objects, accidents on which can become a source of a local emergency

The number of people who died and (or) received damage to health — no more than 10 people

The amount of damage to the environment and material losses — no more than 240 thousand rubles

Sources:

publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202206100007

pnp.ru/social/minstroy-opredelil- kakie-stroeniya-schitat-opasnymi.html

consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_51040/cdec16ec747f11f3a7a39c7303d03373e0ef91c4/

consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_51040/020268898fa86a2e82a7b360986eb212b0248 2cf/

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