Expert Answer 0 + –
Theoretically — any child, if he is ready to receive a school leaving certificate instead of a high school diploma.
Recall that in the pandemic years of 2020 and 2021, children who did not plan to continue to enter universities were exempted from passing the exam. In the certificate, grades in all subjects were set at the end of the year. In 2022, the country returned to the rules that were in effect before. Specifically, the order is as follows: if the graduate could not or did not want to pass the mandatory USE — Russian language and basic mathematics — in the main, as well as in the additional period, then he will be issued not a certificate, but a certificate of graduation. If there is a need to obtain a certificate, the child will still have to take the exam, but after a year — to the next wave of the exam. At the same time, such guys can take the exam, including in the early period.
As told «AiF» Head of Rosobrnadzor Anzor Muzaev, over the past two years, up to 10% of graduates go to take the mandatory USE — Russian language and basic mathematics — just to get a high school diploma. As statistics show, in the future they do not take more elective subjects and, accordingly, do not apply to universities. Theoretically, they can use their USE results for 4 years after graduation, but they could equally well take them later — if they decide to try to get higher education. “The State Duma is considering a bill to abolish the mandatory USE for those who do not go to universities. And Rosobrnadzor would support this idea. We see nothing wrong with this — on the contrary, less nerves will be expended,” — summed up the head of Rosobrnadzor.
Plus, there are several categories of applicants who may also not take the exam. These are the winners of some sports competitions. In addition, according to the results of internal tests in universities, people with disabilities can be enrolled there. Graduates from other countries where the USE is not held have the same right. Winners and prize-winners of the final stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren get the right to enter a university without exams in their field of study. For example, with the Literature Olympiad, you can go to the Faculty of Journalism or Philology, in Physics — to any physics department and some mathematical ones (for example, to the Mekhmat of Moscow State University). By the way, the result of Vseross is valid for 4 years. And consequently, winning in the 9th or 10th grade also guarantees admission.
In 2021, 682,000 people applied for the exam in 85 regions and 58 countries where it is also possible to take the exam. These are not only graduates, but also those who have not passed the exam before or want to improve their last year result.
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